The Lanao Sultanate Leadership Legitimacy: Its Bases from Islamic Principles on Leadership, Maranao Traditions, Salsilas, and Historical Claims
Legitimasi Kepemimpinan Kesultanan Lanao: Asasnya daripada Prinsip Islam mengenai Kepimpinan, Tradisi Maranao, Salsila dan Tuntutan Sejarah
The Muslim Maranaos founded the Lanao Sultanate in 1616 and it continues until today as a traditional governance in Lanao del Sur in Mindanao, Philippines. Whereas, the Republic of the Philippine was established in 1946. Today, Lanao del Sur is part of the territories of the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM). Literature reviews show that the Lanao Sultanate was less represented in the academic research since the early scholars specializing on the sultanates in the Philippines focused on Sulu and Magindanao sultanates only. In addition, there is a sizeable research gap on the Lanao Sultanate legitimacy in the areas of Islamic principles on leadership, Maranao traditions, salsilas (scholarly chain of genealogy), and historical claims. Hence, this study explores the bases of legitimacy of Lanao Sultanate from Islamic principles on leadership, Maranao traditions, salsilas, and historical claims perspectives.
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