SEJARAH PENDIDIKAN BAHASA MELAYU DI PATANI SELATAN THAI

THE HISTORY OF MALAY LANGUAGE EDUCATION IN SOUTHERN THAILAND

  • Phaosan Jehwae Jabatan Pendidikan Bahasa Melayu, Faculty of Education, University Fatoni of Thailand
Keywords: Bahasa Melayu, Bahasa Melayu Patani, selatan Thailand, Malay language, Malay language of Patani, southern of Thailand

Abstract

Sejarah pendidikan bahasa Melayu di Patani, Selatan Thai mengalami pasang surut tergantung perkembangan politik di Thailand. Bahasa Melayu pernah menjadi bahasa terpenting di Patani dan digunakan dalam pelbagai situasi baik rasmi mahupun tidak rasmi. Bahasa Melayu menjadi bahasa penting dalam sistem pendidikan pondok. Sejak Patani jatuh di bawah pemerintahan Siam, kemudian diubah kepada nama Thailand, bahasa Melayu mengalami perubahan sehingga kualiti menurun. Bahasa Melayu bukan menjadi bahasa utama dalam sistem pendidikan di Patani, tetapi sekadar menjadi salah satu subjek dalam kurukulum Islam yang diajar di sekolah kerajaan dan menjadi salah satu subjek wajib di sekolah pondok Patani. Walau bagaimanapun, perjuangan untuk memartabatkan pendidikan bahasa Melayu tidak pernah sunyi. Pada akhir-akhir tahun 2000, yang merupakan era kebangkitan, pendidikan bahasa Melayu mulai diperhatikan oleh semua golongan termasuk juga kerajaan Thai. Kerajaan Thai telah membuka peluang yang agak luas dalam penggunaan bahasa Melayu, seperti dalam siaran radio dan televisyen, papan iklan, rancangan kursus bahasa Melayu, peruntukan untuk tenaga pengajar bahasa Melayu di beberapa universiti. Malah rancangan Persatuan Penulis Budiman Malaysia Budiman Writers Association of Malaysia sekolah dwibahasa telah pun dilaksanakan di tiga wilayah Selatan Thai.

The history of Malay language education in Patani, South Thai is experiencing volatility in political developments in Thailand. The Malay language was once the most important language in Patani and was used in various official or unofficial situations. Malay became an important language in the cottage education system in Patani until Malay. Since Patani fell under the Siamese rule then changed the name of Thailand, the Malay language changed to the worst. The Malay language is not the main language in Patani's educational system but is simply a misleading subject in Islamic scholarship that is taught in government schools and becomes one of the mandatory subjects in Patani hut schools. However, the struggle to uphold the education of the Malay language has never been silent. In the late 2000s, which was an era of awakening, the education of the Malay language began to be observed by all groups including the Thai government. The Thai government has provided a wide opportunity for the use of Malay language, such as the use of Malay language in radio and television broadcasting, billboards, arrangement of Malay language courses, provision of Malay language instructors in several universities as well as bilingual school plans have been implemented in three southern Thai provinces.

Published
2019-09-12
Section
Articles